Paralegal Essentials – Tort Law (Part 8 – Intentional Torts Against Property)

Torts against property fall into two categories:

  • Torts against Real Property (land/structures)
  • Torts against Personal Property (everything that is not land)

Trespass to Real Property (land)

  • Intent is inferred from defendant’s entry onto plaintiff’s real property
  • Must be without permission
  • No damages required

Trespass to Chattel (personal property)

  • Intent required
  • Unprivileged interference with personal property
  • Must be damage/loss or loss of use
  • Must be able to be returned


  • Intent required
  • Unprivileged exercise of ¬†control over
  • Must be rendered unable to be returned either because of destruction or transfer to another

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